Flood-Risk Minimisation

Given the changing climate, rapid demographic growth, and significant urbanization, the risks of natural hazards have increased. Many regions of the world have seen devastating floods in recent years, as in the case of Saudi Arabia, which is part of the dry climate region. The city of Jeddah, located on the eastern coast of the Red Sea in the western region of the Kingdom, was hit by earthquakes in the southeast of the city, causing damage to life and property, which had social, psychological, economic, health, and environmental effects.